The Deep Web is the underground of the whole web. Accessing it is not quite difficult, but you need to follow some basic steps in order to retain your privacy.
We previously wrote a blog about the deep/dark web explaining what it is, why it is important, and how to access it – you can read it here if you still have some questions in your head.
In this blog, we will extend one part of the previous – the anonymity of a web browser. It is more than important to leave no traces when you browse the deep web and to do so you need a good web browser that hides your network traffic and makes you invisible. Well, almost invisible – because you need a VPN to complete the whole package. Below is the list of 10 best Dark/Deep Web browsers. You can pick any – for safe and anonymous web surfing.
You will come across Tor Browser every time you look for deep web information. It is the most powerful Deep Web browser and with the highest level of security and anonymity. This makes it the most commonly used browser.
Firstly created for the U.S. Army for more secure communication, it is now available for free for everybody with a Windows, Mac, or Linux machine, or even Android mobile device.
Keep this in mind – you need to delete cookies here too, they are behind you even in the Dark Web.
Do not use Google – that’s why you are on the underground, to search for unindexed content, right?
You should always check if you are connected to the Tor Network – just in case. You can do so by visiting – check.torproject.org
And don’t forget – it is better used with a VPN.
2) I2P – The Invisible Internet Project
I2P is another privacy tool that keeps its users anonymous. It uses end-to-end encryption to do so. This encryption is done in 4 different layers- and you can access, both, the surface and the underground through a layered stream. The network is messaging-based and provides peer-to-peer communication.
I2P sends user’s traffic through about 55000 distributed computers, this way creates a vast number of paths through which your messages can be sent. This makes it almost impossible for the user to be traceable.
3) Freenet – Dark Refuge for Freedom of Speech
Freenet is another peer-to-peer platform that encrypts data before it is being shared. It uses a similar technique like other browsers – which is routing the communication through different nodes. It uses a decentralized, distributed network for encrypting data that is being shared – that is how it becomes very difficult to be hacked.
Users that access the Freenet give some of their bandwidth and hard drives. They can access in darknet or opennet mode. The main difference in the darknet mode is that users can access content that is uploaded only to the Freenet network and not outside it.
There also is no copyrights enforcement in Freenet. Copyrighting means monitoring communication, and that – means no freedom of speech – which is against their rules.
Based on the original Tor Browser – Tails has a difference from the other deep/dark web browsers. It can be booted directly from a flash drive without a previous installation. That’s why it is often referred to as a live operating system.
For more privacy, Tails will shut down the OS installed in your machine, to only restart once again after you are done using Tails. This shows that Tails doesn’t depend on the OS installed in the machine being used.
Subgraph is another privacy tool that helps you access the web freely and is a Tor Browser-based system. It uses the same source code and has a Tor integration, too.
One of its greatest features is that it is specifically designed to prevent adversary attacks targeting your OS – as it says in the website – “Subgraph OS is an adversary resistant computing platform”. It uses Sandbox containers to get rid of any malware. In case of any suspicious malware targeting an application, Subgraph activates a sandbox container and deals with it.
You might be saying – Firefox is a regular browser, how come it is used for deep web surfing? – Well, it turns out it is not quite regular. You can see it grouped with Google Chrome, Safari, Opera, and more. (Well, Opera isn’t that regular either – but we’ll come to that a bit later).
Firefox needs to be routed to connect through Tor Network in order to provide you anonymous web surfing. You need to manually configure proxy access, and it’s pretty simple. By default, Tor listens to port 9050 so that’s one thing you should set in your configuration, and the proxy server you need is 127.0.0.1.
Just like with Tor Browser, you better check if you really are connected to Tor Network – by going to check.torproject.org
You would also want to use a VPN – for extra privacy
Waterfox is a Firefox-based open-source browser, but it is not connected to Mozilla. However, it periodically connects to it – to protect users from malicious add-ons. It is available for Windows, Mac, and Linux machines and Android mobile devices – all 64-bit.
A feature you will like about Waterfox is that it deletes all your cookies, web browsing history, passwords, and any other personal data after you are done with surfing.
Whonix is a Tor-based browser used for anonymous web surfing. It is available on Windows, Mac, and Linux and comes pre-installed in Qubes. So for extra privacy, you can use Qubes-Whonix.
Some of the anonymity issues it prevents users from are IP leaks, time attacks, keystroke deanonymization, and data collection techniques.
GNUnet provides decentralized, peer-to-peer communication, and that is done through TCP, UDP, HTTP, HTTPS, WLAN, and Bluetooth. It lets users know which other users are trusted and which are not, this way protecting users from possible attacks. It protects sensitive information, and one of its main goals is to keep the number of PII exposed as low as possible.
ZeroNet is another decentralized peer-to-peer communication tool. It uses the Bitcoin cryptography and BitTorrent network. It can be used for sharing files or publishing websites. Here sites are not identified with an IP address rather with a public key.
It is not a completely anonymous networking platform, but like many others, it allows connection to Tor Network – although this might affect its speed.
One last thing about Zeronet – you can use it without an internet connection.
We tried to help you have a clearer idea of what a good deep/dark web browser is like. If you are at the beginning of this deep/dark web adventure, it might be difficult to pick one from the load of web browsers.
Some of them might seem like they have something less or something more, but it’s only because of the differences between one another – apart from that, they all do their job correctly.
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